The first references to Jewish settlement in Třebíč date from the first half of the 14th
century. It is not known exactly when the Jewish Quarter
was created. However, its construction was influenced by building regulations issued by the nobility in the second half of the 16th
century. The number of houses and families grew to the point where in the middle of the 19th
century it was home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Moravia. However, we are mainly able to appreciate the place’s beauty today, as Třebíč’s Jewish Quarter is perhaps the best preserved conservation zone of its kind in the whole of Europe.
© Libor Sváček
It boasts very dense development, valuable public passages within houses, corner arcades and similar treasures. The entire quarter comprises over 120 dwelling houses, as well as former Jewish institutions such as a town hall, school, rabbinate and poorhouse. In 2003 it was added to the UNESCO
World Cultural Heritage List. Třebíč’s are the only Jewish landmarks outside Jerusalem to have achieved this distinction. There really are no such well-preserved and beautiful quarters anywhere else outside Israel. Its two main streets, countless little side streets, two synagogues, rabbinate and town hall are literally a feast for the eyes and the senses. It is not just an architectural landmark, either. Visitors are enchanted more than anything by its atmosphere and genius loci, which are incredibly powerful. As one walks among the houses one’s mind wanders to a bygone age, when the local Jewish community was one of the most significant in the Czech lands.