Třebíč - A unique UNESCO landmark

Visit a town with a rich history of Jewish settlement that has been included on the prestigious UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List.
 
The list includes the Basilica of St. Prokop, the Jewish cemetery and the Jewish Quarter, which is special and exceptional for a number of reasons. Above all, it is a unique testimony to the history of local Jewish settlement and its influence on the area.
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The first references to Jewish settlement in Třebíč date from the first half of the 14th century. It is not known exactly when the Jewish Quarter was created. However, its construction was influenced by building regulations issued by the nobility in the second half of the 16th century. The number of houses and families grew to the point where in the middle of the 19th century it was home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Moravia. However, we are mainly able to appreciate the place’s beauty today, as Třebíč’s Jewish Quarter is perhaps the best preserved conservation zone of its kind in the whole of Europe.


© Libor Sváček

It boasts very dense development, valuable public passages within houses, corner arcades and similar treasures. The entire quarter comprises over 120 dwelling houses, as well as former Jewish institutions such as a town hall, school, rabbinate and poorhouse. In 2003 it was added to the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. Třebíč’s are the only Jewish landmarks outside Jerusalem to have achieved this distinction. There really are no such well-preserved and beautiful quarters anywhere else outside Israel. Its two main streets, countless little side streets, two synagogues, rabbinate and town hall are literally a feast for the eyes and the senses. It is not just an architectural landmark, either.  Visitors are enchanted more than anything by its atmosphere and genius loci, which are incredibly powerful. As one walks among the houses one’s mind wanders to a bygone age, when the local Jewish community was one of the most significant in the Czech lands.

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tands a former tannery building. The first stop is the Rear Synagogue. There you can peruse a permanent exhibition on Jewish culture and the history of the Třebíč Jewish Quarter, take in the unique original decoration from the start of the 18th century or marvel at the five-metre interactive model of the entire Jewish Quarter. Right beside the synagogue is the House of Seligmann Bauer, which is home to a Jewish museum with a recreation of a Jewish household from the interwar period. A staircase leading to the synagogue’s women’s gallery is also to be found there. You then continue along Blahoslavova to house no. 85/23. Once a poorhouse, its most interesting aspect is a number of entrances at various heights. Blahoslavova takes you to the square Tiché náměstí, location of a rabbinate and the Front Synagogue, today used as a chapel by the Czechoslovak Hussite Church. From Tiché náměstí you enter Leopolda Pokorného St. Check out the houses at no. 114/2, where the ghetto gate once stood, no. 14/8, the former Jewish Town Hall, and no. 58/15, once a school. At the end of the street you enter the Jewish Cemetery, where a number of important figures are buried. An early 20th century ceremonial hall with a preserved interior stands by the entrance.

Transportation

Třebíč is 160 km from the centre of Prague. It can be reached by car in approximately two and a half hours. By train or bus the journey takes just under three hours. A trip to Třebíč can easily be combined with a visit to Polná, which is just under 40 km away. 
 

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The Rear Synagogue in Třebíč

The old Třebíč Jewish Quarter is unique as a whole. However, within it visitors will find several stunning sights deserving of a tour of their own. Among them is unquestionably the Rear Synagogue, which is also known as the New School, the Upper Prayer Hall and the New Synagogue.
 

Address

Subakova 1/44, Třebíč
GPS: 49.2177636, 15.8793839

Opening Hours

Entry fees

Standard fee: 100 Kč

Children fee: 70 Kč

Family fee: 250 Kč

Senior fee: 70 Kč

Student fee: 70 Kč

Jewish Quarter in Třebíč

Two synagogues, an ancient cemetery and the fragile beauty of the narrow lanes with their unique atmosphere. This is the Třebíč Ghetto. The Jewish Quarter here is one of the best preserved and the largest in Europe. Thanks to its cultural and historical importance, the collection of houses in the former ghetto, together with the Jewish Cemetery and Basilica of St. Procopius, have been included in the UNESCO world and natural heritage list, the first independent Jewish monument to be honoured in this manner outside of the state of Israel.

Address

Subakova 1/44 674 01 Třebíč
GPS: 49.217760, 15.879319

Opening Hours

Entry fees

Standard fee: 150 Kč

Children fee: 100 Kč

Senior fee: 100 Kč

Student fee: 100 Kč

The Front Synagogue in Třebíč

The Front Synagogue was built some time in 1639–1642 on the western edge of the future ghetto. Its form has been greatly influenced by subsequent repairs and rebuilding jobs. On the orders of the local lord it even had to have its roof lowered to the level of surrounding buildings, as light from the windows during services was visible as far away as the chateau.
 

Address

Tiché náměstí 1, 674 01, Třebíč
GPS: 49.217232, 15.876929

Opening Hours

The Jewish Cemetery in Třebíč

The Jewish cemetery in Třebíč is an enormously valuable historical landmark displaying a number of historical styles. Its origins date to the 17th century, when it was built on the site of an older cemetery that was shut down. It is a place of deep meditation and evocative scenery.

Address

Hrádek, Třebíč
GPS: 49.2201722, 15.8801253

Opening Hours

Joseph 1699 Hotel

At the Joseph 1699 Hotel there are no two rooms alike, as it is made up of several interlinked buildings. Dating back to the 17th century, the oldest of these structures features a historical Mikvah – Jewish ritual bath on its ground floor. Interestingly, this building, which today is a part of a luxury hotel, once served as a poorhouse of the Třebíč Jewish community.

Address

EA Hotel Joseph1699 ****
Skalní 85/8
674 01 Třebíč
GPS: 49.217888, 15.877374