The tour of the Terezín ghetto begins at the Small Fortress
, where prisoners were interned by the Gestapo during WWII. You then head down Principova alej and Pražská St., which lead you to the gate to the Main Fortress
and later to the Ghetto Museum
, which houses the sombre but immensely informative exhibition “Terezín in the So-Called Final Solution of the Jewish Question, 1941–1945”. Inside the fortress you can view a recently discovered unique prayer room
, while the same building also features renovated attics
with a type of accommodation known as kumbálek. You then continue south until you reach the Magdeburg Barracks
, where you will find an exhibition on the culture and art of Terezín. Next stop is the fortress rampart, which features an original ceremonial hall, Jewish and Christian, a morgue and a columbarium
that house exhibitions focused on burial customs in the ghetto. A few hundred metres further lies the Jewish Cemetery
, the grounds of which also contain a crematorium
containing an exhibition on mortality and burial in the ghetto. You will now have some time to gather your thoughts after the harsh experience of Terezín as the tour continues on to the nearby medieval town of Úštěk
, home to several unique Jewish architectural landmarks. Follow the street Na Kocandě in an easterly direction toward Úštěk, which is around 20 km away. Just past its České předměstí district you come to the synagogue and rabbi’s residence
, historical landmarks saved from demolition thanks to recent renovations. On the slope opposite the synagogue lies a unique Jewish cemetery
, which can be reached via a pleasant path past what are known as the Bird Houses to the valley and up the hillside.
Terezín is 66 km from the centre of Prague. You can get there by car in approximately an hour. It takes almost four hours to get there by train or bus. You can combine a trip to Terezín with a visit to the nearby Úštěk (25km) and perhaps České vinařství Chrámce (30 km from Terezín).